India lived under the colonial rule- British Raj for nearly 200 years. After being ruled over by the British East India Company from 1600, the Sepoy mutiny, called The Indian Rebellion of 1857, began. This marked the initiation of the Indian Freedom Struggle. The struggle for freedom wasn’t demanded or fought for in a single day but it took 90 years for the country to regain its political independency and it was a mass based movement. Hundreds of freedom fighters campaigned against foreign domination and helped in getting the country freed from British, French and Portuguese rule. These are 12 greatest freedom fighters of all time to whom we owe this independent nation we are currently living in.
Top 10 Freedom Fighters of India Photos
1. Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram Prasad Bismil was an Indian revolutionary who participated in Mainpuri conspiracy of 1918, and the Kakori conspiracy of 1925, and struggled against British imperialism. As well as being a freedom fighter, he was a patriotic poet and wrote in Hindi and Urdu using the pen names Ram, Agyat and Bismil. But, he became popular with the last name “Bismil“ only. He was associated with Arya Samaj where he got inspiration from Satyarth Prakash, a book written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati.
2. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state, a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. He was also known as Pandit Nehru due to his roots with Kashmiri Pandit community while many Indian children knew him as “Uncle Nehru. In India, his birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day.
3. Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singhwas an Indian revolutionary socialist who was influential in the Indian independence movement. Singh was born on 27 or 28 September 1907 in Banga, Jaranwala Tehsil, Lyallpur district (now Pakistan), Punjab, British India into a Punjabi Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj to Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu and Vidyavati and pass away 23 March 1931. He worked with several revolutionary organisations and became prominent in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928.
4. Udham Singh
Udham Singh was an Indian revolutionarybest known for assassinating Sir Michael O’Dwyer, the former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in British India, on 13 March 1940. Singh became involved in revolutionary politics and was deeply influenced by Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary group. In 1924, Singh became involved with the Ghadar Party, organizing Indians overseas towards overthrowing colonial rule. In 1927, he returned to India on orders from Bhagat Singh, bringing 25 associates as well as revolvers and ammunition. The assassination has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919.
5. Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was born in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal, Province, British India to father Janakinath Bose, an advocate and mother Prabhavati Devi. Subhash Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India, but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy. He was Head of State, Prime Minister, Minister of War and Foreign Affairs of Provisional Government of Free India based in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
6. Shivaram Hari Rajguru
Shivaram Hari Rajguru was an Indian revolutionary from Maharashtra, known mainly for his involvement in the assassination of a British Raj police officer. Rajguru was born at Khed, near Pune, India. His full name was Hari Shivaram Rajguru and was born into a Deshastha Brahmin family. Since his childhood days, he had witnessed the brutal atrocities that the Sukhdev Thapar inflicted on India and her people. This instilled within him a strong urge to join hands with the revolutionaries in a bid for India’s freedom struggle.
7. Sukhdev Thapar
Sukhdev Thapar was an Indian revolutionary, born in Ludhiana, Punjab, British India in Khatri caste. Sukhdev is best remembered for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case of 18 December 1928 and its aftermath. He was an accomplice of Bhagat Singh, and Shivaram Rajguru, whose conspiracy led to the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J. P. Saunders in 1928 in response to the violent death of a veteran leader, Lala Lajpat Rai. After the Central Assembly Hall bombings in New Delhi on 8 April 1929, the conspirators were arrested and convicted of their crime. On 23 March 1931, the three men were hanged.
8 Mangal Pandey
Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played a key part in events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. Mangal Pandey was a sepoy in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry regiment of the British East India Company. Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in a Bhumihar Brahmin family in Nagwa, a village of upper Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh. He had joined the East India Company’s army in 1849, reportedly after witnessing a column of sepoy infantry on the march. Pandey was a soldier with a good record of service in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry; a regiment which was largely recruited from Brahmans.
9. Khudiram Bose
Khudiram Bose was a Bengali revolutionary, one of the youngest revolutionaries early in the Indian independence movement. Bose was born on 3rd December 1889 in the village Bahuvaini in Medinipur district of Bengal and at the time of his hanging, he was just 18 years, 8 months 8 days old. Khudiram Bose was influenced by the notion of karma in the Bhagvad Gita , and was involved in revolutionary activities to free mother India from the clutches of British rule.
10. Batukeshwar Dutt
Batukeshwar Dutta was an Indian revolutionary and independence fighter in the early 1900s. He is best known for having exploded a few bombs, along with Bhagat Singh, in the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi on 8 April 1929. Batukeshwar Dutta, also known as B. K. Dutt, Battu and Mohan, son of Goshtha Bihari Dutta, was born on 18 November 1910 in a village Oari in Burdwan district; police station Khandaghosh nearest busstop Khejurhati :, and also lived in Khanda and Mausu in Burdwan district in West Bengal. The village is about 22 km from the Burdwan town.
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